Low Fat Diet

Purpose

For a regular healthy diet, it is recommended that of the total calories eaten, no more than 30% should come from fat. However, certain diseases and medical conditions can make it difficult for the body to tolerate even that much fat, so a low-fat diet may help people with these conditions.

  1. Gallbladder Disease: Bile secreted from the gallbladder helps the body break down and absorb fats. When gallstones or gallbladder diseases are present, a low-fat diet is often used to prevent complications.
  2. Delayed stomach emptying (Gastroparesis): A condition in which the stomach empties food into the intestine too slowly. This can cause bloating, nausea, and even vomiting. Normally, fat in foods delays stomach emptying, so fats make gastroparesis worse.
  3. Malabsorption of nutrients: Absorption is the transfer of nutrients into the bloodstream from the intestine. In some diseases of the pancreas and small intestine, patients have trouble absorbing nutrients from the diet, including fat. A low-fat diet may help to control symptoms until the cause of malabsorption can be diagnosed.
  4. Fatty Liver: For a number of reasons, fat may accumulate in the liver. Fat is not normally stored in the liver, and in some cases this can cause damage to the liver. A low fat diet and weight reduction may be helpful.

Nutrition Facts

In most cases, this diet provides all the nutrients required by the National Research Council's Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). In some cases, however, the physician may prescribe supplements. Women of childbearing age and those people with malabsorption may need to take certain vitamin and/or mineral supplements.

Special Considerations

  1. Be careful how foods are prepared. Trim all visible fat from meats. Bake, steam, or broil meats and fish instead of frying.
  2. Toppings for potatoes and pastas should contain no fat above the three allowed daily servings.
  3. This low-fat diet should be used until the underlying medical condition is controlled or corrected. The physician will give any individual instructions, and tell you when you no longer need to use the low-fat diet.

Sample Menu

Fats

contains: virtually no protein, 55 mg sodium

One serving equals:

regular butter or margarine

1 tsp

mayonnaise

1 tsp

vegetable oil

1 tsp

gravy

1 Tbsp

reduced calorie margarine

1 Tbsp

reduced calorie mayonnaise

1 Tbsp

salad dressing (oil type)

2 Tbsp

low calorie salad dressing (oil type)

2 Tbsp

low calorie salad dressing (mayonnaise type)

2 Tbsp

tartar sauce

1 1/2 tsp

Avoid the following if you are reducing sodium intake:

  • commercially prepared gravy,
  • gravy mixes,
  • bacon fat

Remember, fats are a substantial source of calories. Some people may need additional calories and should therefore use fats freely. Those who need to lose weight should use fats sparingly.

 

 Fruit

One serving contains virtually no protein or sodium

One serving equals:

fresh, frozen, or canned fruit or fruit juice

1/2 cup

dried fruit

1/4 cup

 

 Meat and Meat Substitutes

One serving contains 7 gm protein, 25 mg sodium.

One serving equals:

lean beef

1 oz

chicken

1 oz

fish

1 oz

lamb

1 oz

fresh pork

1 oz

low-sodium tuna

1/4 cup

turkey

1 oz

veal

1 oz

egg

1

peanut butter*

2 Tbsp

kidney beans

1/4 cup dry

soybeans

1/2 cup

garbanzo beans*

1/2 cup

lentils

1/2 cup

low-sodium cheese*

1 oz

Avoid the following if you are also reducing sodium intake:

  • bacon
  • cold cuts (bologna, salami, loaf-type luncheon meats, or processed meats)
  • corned beef
  • ham
  • sausage
  • low-salt ham or cold cuts
  • hot dogs, chicken dogs
  • turkey ham, turkey bologna
  • regular canned tuna
  • regular TV dinners (special low-sodium dinners may be acceptable -- check protein content)
  • cottage cheese
  • processed cheeses such as American, Velveeta, cheese spreads
  • canned kidney beans

*higher in sodium

 

Breads, Starches, Cereals, and Desserts

One serving contains 2 gm protein, 80 mg sodium 42

Breads - One serving equals:

white, wheat

1 slice

rye or pumpernickel

1 slice

Italian or French bread

1 slice

dinner roll

1

croissant

1

pita pocket

1

hamburger roll

1/2

hot dog roll

1/2

bagel

1/2

English muffin

1/2

biscuit

1

doughnut

1

muffin

1

unsalted breadsticks

2

Melba toast

4 slices

unsalted crackers

4

unsalted pretzels

4

unsalted potato chips

15 chips

rice cakes

2

Starches, cooked - One serving equals:

noodles, macaroni, pasta

1/2 cup

rice

1/2 cup

unsalted popcorn

1 1/2 cups

homemade bread filling

1/2 cup

potatoes

1/2 cup or 1 medium

pancake (homemade)

1 medium

Cereals - One serving equals:

unsalted cooked cereal (cream of wheat, cream of rice, oatmeal, Farina)

1/2 cup

ready-to-eat cereal*

3/4 cup

shredded wheat

1 biscuit

*may be high in sodium

Cakes, Pastries, and Desserts - One serving equals:

cake

1 piece (2 1/2" square)

coffee cake

1 piece

Danish

1 piece

fruit pie

1 slice (1/6 of 9" pie)

cookies

1 medium

granola bars

1

Avoid the following if you are reducing sodium intake:

  • instant hot cereals
  • cornflakes, Rice Krispies, Total, Wheaties
  • salted snack crackers, pretzels, potato chips
  • packaged noodles, pasta, rice, or potato mixes
  • stuffing mixes
  • pancake mixes
  • baking mixes
  • croissants, rolls, biscuits made from commercially packaged refrigerator dough
  • waffles

Special low-protein pasta, bread, crackers, cookies, and baking mixes are available. A dietitian can discuss these with you.

 

Vegetables

One serving contains 1 gm protein, 15 mg sodium

One serving equals:

fresh, frozen, or low-salt canned vegetables

1/2 cup

Avoid the following if you are reducing sodium intake:

  • canned vegetables
  • sauerkraut
  • pickles
  • canned tomato juice or vegetable juice
  • canned or bottled tomato sauce or spaghetti sauce

 

Milk Products

One serving contains 4 gm protein, 80 mg sodium

One serving equals:

whole, lowfat, or skim milk

1/2 cup

homemade pudding

1/2 cup

ice milk, ice cream

1/2 cup

yogurt, plain or fruit flavored

1/2 cup

sherbet

1 cup

sour cream

4 Tbsp

cream cheese

3 Tbsp

light cream or half & half

1/2 cup

The following may be used as a milk substitute:

One serving contains 1.0 gm protein, 40 mg sodium

liquid non-dairy cream, polyunsaturated

1/2 cup

dessert, non-dairy frozen

1/2 cup

dessert topping, non-dairy frozen

1/2 cup

 

Sweets

One serving contains virtually no protein or sodium

hard candy

4 pieces

gum drops

15 small

Gummi Bears

1 small pouch

jelly beans

10

lollipops

2

marshmallows

5 large

butter mints

14

water ice

1/2 cup

popsicle

3 oz = 1 bar

gelatin

1/2 cup

sugar (brown or white)

2 Tbsp

honey

2 Tbsp

jelly, jam, marmalade

2 Tbsp

Remember, sweets are a source of calories. Some people may need additional calories and should therefore use sweets freely. Those who need to lose weight should use sweets sparingly.

 

Beverages

One serving contains virtually no protein, <50 mg sodium

coffee

fruit juices or fruit drinks

tea

lemonade

soft drinks

mineral water

Avoid milk-based beverages unless counted as part of milk allowance.

Low-Protein Shake Recipe:

marshmallows

4 oz

fruit ice or Italian ice

4 oz

corn syrup

1/4 cup

vegetable oil

1 Tbsp

vanilla ice cream

1/2 cup

Place all ingredients in a blender and mix thoroughly.

600 calories - 2.5 gm protein - 170 mg sodium

 

Condiments

Recommend:

  • Pepper
  • fresh or dried herbs
  • flavored powders (garlic, onion, etc.)
  • lemon juice
  • vinegar

Avoid:

  • bacon bits
  • barbecue sauce
  • chili sauce
  • cooking wine
  • ketchup
  • meat tenderizers
  • monosodium glutamate
  • prepared mustard
  • regular salad dressings
  • seasoned salt (e.g., celery salt, garlic salt, onion salt)
  • sea salt
  • soy sauce
  • steak sauce
  • tartar sauce

 

Special Low-Protein Products

The following product is low in protein, electrolytes, and fluid, it can be ordered by calling Ross Laboratories at 1-800-986-8502.

  • SUPLENA

The following low-protein products can be ordered by calling Dietary Specialties at (888) 640-2800, or email: [email protected]

  • Low-Protein Bread
  • Low-Protein Crackers & Rusks
  • Low-Protein Cookies
  • Low-Protein Pasta
  • Low-Protein Baking Mix
  • Low-Protein Wheat Starch
  • Low-Protein Gelatin
  • Low-Protein Cracker Toast
  • Low-Protein Cheese Sauce Mix

 

Sample Menu Low Protein

Breakfast

Lunch

Dinner

  • Cheerios cereal 3/4 cup
  • non-dairy creamer 1/2 cup
  • orange juice 1/2 cup
  • banana 1/2 med
  • white bread 2 slices
  • turkey breast 1 oz
  • lettuce 1/2 cup
  • tomato 1/2 cup
  • green beans 1/2 cup
  • mayonnaise 3 tsp
  • apple 1 med
  • fruit punch 4 oz
  • lean hamburger 2 oz
  • white rice 1/2 cup
  • broccoli 1/4 cup
  • cauliflower 1/4 cup
  • tossed salad
  • ranch dressing 2 Tbsp
  • pineapple 1/2 cup

Snack

Snack

Snack

  • cherry fruit roll up 1
  • popsicle 1
  • gum drops 1 oz

This Sample Diet Provides the Following

Calories

1476

Fat

48 gm

Protein

39 gm

Sodium

1270 mg

Carbohydrates

237 gm

Potassium

2282 mg

 

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This material does not cover all information and is not intended as a substitute for professional care. Please consult with your physician on any matters regarding your health.

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